The Six Facets of the Singularity


I first came across the concept of the Singularity a few decades ago. I was intrigued but sceptical on a number of fronts. There seemed to be some massive and highly questionable assumptions behind it all. 

Yet a belief in the concept of accelerating returns in all its guises has been central to my life, and you certainly can’t discard the idea of the Singularity. The inevitability of it happening as described is more debatable.

However ssince November 30, 2022, when ChatGPT was launched, many of the ideas of the Singularity are not only far more current, they have become central to discussions across many dimensions of society. 

With the advent of generative AI with all its manifold implications, it is worth coming squarely back to the idea of the Singularity.

The problem has been that whenever two people talk about the Singularity they think about it in different ways. It is not one thing.

To help disambiguate, I’ve created the Six Facets of the Singularity framework, shown below.

Some of the facets complement or fit with others, some contradict each other. The Singularity is not an integral concept. It is open to our interpretation, and indeed if we transition into and through it we will each understand the process in a different way.

These facets can be debated and discussed, but the intention of the framework is to give us a common frame to discuss the Singularity.

How does each of us relate to these different facets? Collectively that could determine our future. 

Accelerating Returns

Each technological advancement fuels further innovation, creating a cycle of exponential growth that speeds up the rate of progress.

AGI > Humans

Artificial General Intelligence could surpass human intellect in every domain, transforming society and the economy.


Integrating advanced technologies with human biology could redefine humanity, radically augmenting abilities, extending lifespans, and migrating minds.


Technologies including AI, nanotechnology, and additive manufacturing could render traditional economic constraints obsolete, enabling a post-scarcity society.

Existential risk

Acceleration entails significant risks, potentially leading to human extinction or other catastrophic outcomes if we cannot control unprecedented technologies.

Event horizon

We may reach a point beyond which uncertainty and the pace of change exceeds our capacity to foresee or understand future developments.

Image: Midjourney